ADDRESS: Piazza della Libertà
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.281442, 12.035334
- wheelchair accessibility: the exterior of the Villa
- recommended season: all year
- directions to reach the starting point: la villa è visibile da Piazza della Libertà nel centro di Agordo
Opening hours: the exterior of the Villa is free access
The building has formed one imposing coherent whole since the seventeenth century; due to its subsequent expansions, and especially with the addition of stables and staterooms, it increasingly took on the semblance of a villa. We owe the wall structures to the family Crotta while de Manzoni, who acquired the property in 1813.
The elaborate mythological and allegorical sculptural cycles embellish both the exterior and the interior and are visible for the passersby. The statues, in the local dialect lovingly referred to as Grota's "kids " and "deaf", are positioned in the private garden of the villa, as well as at the garden's gate overlooking Agordo's main square.
Fifteen Greek deities and other mythological figures, either alone or in pairs, flank on both sides the inner court of the garden which was built towards the end of the eighteenth century to connect the main building with the orthogonal body used as stateroom. This is the exact spot where we can find one better-preserved figure, tucked away in a corner, that hoists an enormous boulder on his back. In a way, the statue symbolises the long path of the dolomite which this travel guide aims to follow; it could also be an allusion to the mining business of the villa's owners. The statue stands for Sisyphus' labours who was condemned to forever push a boulder uphill, and that once reached the top of the mountain would inevitably roll down again. There are also the figures of Vulcan, Aristides, Flora, Apollo, Diana, Bacchus and Ariadne, Saturn, Jupiter, Meleager, Amphitrite, Hercules, a character in seventeenth-century apparel, as well as that of a shepherd.
The fifteen mascarons together with the twenty-nine smaller masks perched between the upper arches made of a different, not easily recognisable material.
On the other hand, we know with certainty that the internal statues are made of dolomite - which naturally didn't bear that name at the time of their sculpting - because we know not only the source of the material used, but also the authors of the works. A document dated June 16, 1692, and preserved in the Fund Da Giau, an archive kept in the local town library, records the procurement of stones suitable for the sculpting of figures, by the local stonemasons.
The description corresponds to the eighteen statues dominating the villa's inner court with measurements in compliance with the original order. They are statues of deities, often present in old gardens, as well as philosophers preferred by the commissioners as guardians that would banish in the past acts of violence concerning the offspring of Francesco Crotta concerning the fratricide of Giovanni Antonio slain by assassins hired by his brother Giuseppe.
Even though Lombard by origin, the Crottas acquired their wealth by exploiting the copper mines in Agordo. The coat of arms constitutes three cypress trees placed on top of a cave with a lion at its entrance and the motto "UT LEO FORTIS IN ADVERTIS".
- D. PERCO (a cura di), Uomini e pietre nella montagna bellunese, Belluno, Provincia, 2002
- P. CONTE (a cura di), Le ville nel paesaggio prealpino della provincia di Belluno, Milano, Charta Editore, 1997
Letizia Lonzi, 30/04/2020