The lime kiln in Kals am Großglockner

Posted in Limekilns

The lime kiln in Kals am Großglockner - a silent witness of lime burning in East Tyrol

BASIC INFORMATION

LOCATION

MUNICIPALITY: Kals am Grossglocker
ADDRESS: Kalser highway
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.983765, 12.633582
PROVINCE: East Tyrol

ACCESSIBILITY: from the outside

DIRECTIONS: The lime kiln in Kals am Großglocker is located on the Kals circular trail at Stage 3 between Arnig and Lana. You can reach the starting point in Arnig on the Kals road. On the left bank of the Kalserbach you will find plenty of parking space at the starting point in Arnig (in front of the bridge).

DESCRIPTION

The systematic processing of limestone and dolomite rock into burned lime and caustic-burned dolomite is ancient building culture. The underlying process is called lime burning and was eponymous for the resulting craft. The necessary skills and know-how were usually kept within the family and passed on to the next generation. It is, however, unlikely that the lime burners made a distinction between limestone and dolomite rock. There were several lime kilns in the municipality of Kals. A well-preserved lime kiln is located close to a lime pit, extending along the gravel layers of Kals. The material found in the limestone pit in Kals (including dolomite rock) was most likely used as a raw material for the production of binders for mortar and plaster.

Field lime kiln built of layered quarry stones on the banks of the KalserbachField lime kiln built of layered quarry stones on the banks of the Kalserbach

The trade of lime burning in "Sautener Forchet"

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

ACCESSIBILITY: from the outside
MUNICIPALITY: Sautens
ADDRESS: the village road
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 47.212640, 10.845323 (new lime kiln)
PROVINCE: North Tyrol

DIRECTIONS: The replicated lime kiln is part of the lime-burning adventure facility and is located near the sports field in the municipality of Sautens. Driving on the Inntal motorway A12, take the exit Haiming - Ötztal and proceed on the B186 (main road) until the exit Sautens. In Sautens follow the village road to the sports field of SK Sautens. There are parking spaces available. Both the old and the new lime kilns can be reached on foot via the "Geoweg Roppen - Sautens".

DESCRIPTION

Approximately 3,000 years ago, the so-called Tschirgant rock slide covered the lower stretches of the Ötz Valley (Ötztal). The resulting debris are the reason for the undulating topography of the terrain between Haiming, Sautens and the mouth of the Ötztal. The formerly unproductive agricultural area led to its unhindered transformation in woodland. In the sixteenth century, the local population realised that the terrain offers ideal conditions for lime burning. The collapsed material (limestone and dolomite rock) was used as raw matter; the nearby forest provided the necessary combustion material. The old dome-shaped field lime kiln located in Rammelstein, reaches two and a half metres in height and has a diameter of three and a half metres. Before the burning process begins, the stones taken from the rockslide are layered in the kiln, leaving some space between the individual stone blocks, near the bottom of the furnace, so that the wood necessary to maintain the required temperature can be thrown in the kiln for several days. The still preserved lime kiln and the newly built one in "Sautener Forchet" gives us an insight in the now lost lime-burning trade, which in the past was one of the primary sustenance sources for many families.

Restructured historical lime kiln in Restructured historical lime kiln in "Sautener Forchet" built with layered quarry stones (dolomite rock, amongst others)

A lime kiln constructed in 2004 as part of the lime-burning adventure park in Sautens.A lime kiln constructed in 2004 as part of the lime-burning adventure park in Sautens.

Prombiànch Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality “Prombiànch”
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.296444,11.993555
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

In the locality "Prombiànch" there are the remains of a poorly preserved lime kiln, in fact only a small part of circular walls can be observed.
Its internal capacity cannot be estimated from the ruins but it is deduced that it was a medium / large furnace.

Prombiànch Lime kilnPrombiànch Lime kiln

Peschiere (Fish ponds) Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality “Pesiere” (Peschiere)
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.294722,11.985555
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

It can be reached by following the signs for the former “After hour” restaurant, then following the small road that climbs where you will soon discover the site.
The furnace is not in a perfect state of conservation, in fact the "door" of the fire and about ¼ of circular masonry are absent. But its main structure is clearly visible.
Its total estimated capacity is approximately 23 cubic meters, of which approximately 17 cubic meters for the material to be processed and 5 cubic meters for the fire chamber. The remaining cubic meter is made up of the separation vault between the fire chamber and the rock material.

Peschiere (Fish ponds) Lime kilnPeschiere (Fish ponds) Lime kiln

San Lugan Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality “San Lugan” (San Lucano)
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.295611,11.978527
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

The furnace of San Lugàn is located in the locality of the same name in the San Lucano valley, under the masonry capital before reaching the church.
The artifact is in excellent condition and was cleaned internally a few years ago.
This furnace has an internal capacity of about 25m3.

San Lugan Lime kilnSan Lugan Lime kiln

Mezzavalle (Half Valley) Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality Mezzavalle
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.297203,11.950132
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

Easily accessible by car along the road that leads to Col di Prà, about 1 km after the restaurant “al Rustico”. Clearly visible on the roadside.
The calchèra has been very well preserved, in fact you can see all the main elements (fire door, walls and final ring) perfectly intact.
The furnace has a total capacity of about 28m3, of which about 21m3 for the material to be processed, about 6m3 for the fire chamber and 1m3 for the  separation vault.

Mezzavalle (Half Valley) Lime kilnMezzavalle (Half Valley) Lime kiln

I Chin Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality "I Chìn"
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.296944, 11.945833
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

This furnace is located near the road that leads to Col di Prà, near the houses destroyed by the landslide that involved these hamlets in December 1908.
The conditions of this Calchèra are very bad in fact one can only distinguish a small part of the ring and imagine its connection with a nearby boulder.

I Chin Lime kiln"I Chin" Lime kiln

Angheràz bàs Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality "Angheràz bàs"
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.278888, 11.920861
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

The kiln is located in the locality of “Angeràz bàs”, just upstream of the homonymous dairy. Reachable from Col di Prà along the dirt road that runs through the Angeraz valley, avoiding the road that goes down to the dairy, continue straight until you find a “Calchèra” sign from where an easy path leads to the site.
The conditions of the furnace are good and the "door" of the fire is also clearly visible. Its internal capacity is approximately 6 cubic meters.

Angheràz bàs Lime kilnAngheràz bàs Lime kiln

Col de Carrera Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality "Col De Carrera"
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.291416, 12.013583
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

The furnace located in the locality "Col De Carrera" can be reached from the locality of the same name by the path in the woods that leads to the "Busa Dei Sbrase", just before a stream, going up to the right in the woods, the building is found.
This calchèra is in poor condition but it can be deduced from the portion of the wall still standing that it was small.

Col de Carrera Lime kilnCol de Carrera Lime kiln

Le Coste Lime kiln

Posted in Limekilns

BASIC INFORMATION

MUNICIPALITY: Taibon Agordino
ADDRESS: locality "Le Coste"
GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATES: 46.286194, 12.013194
PROVINCE: Belluno

DESCRIPTION

The calchèra "delle Coste" can be reached by following the signs for Campedel, a locality near Soccol, and then continue to the locality "Le Coste". At the end of the hamlet, after the end of the asphalted road, a small path climbs to the right and soon leads to the site.
The furnace has recently been placed both internally and externally by the inhabitants of the nearby hamlets. This furnace has an internal capacity of about 10m3.

Le Coste Lime kiln"Le Coste" Lime kiln

PROJECT PARTNERS

 

universitat innsbruck

UNIVERSITY OF INNSBRUCK

 

Logo IIS Follador

ISTITUTO DI ISTRUZIONE SUPERIORE
"U. Follador - A. De Rossi"

 

circolo cultura e stampa bellunese

CIRCOLO CULTURA E STAMPA BELLUNESE